Diabetes: Alzheimer’s and Diabetes Could Be Linked Diseases

Diabetes: Alzheimer’s and Diabetes Could Be Linked Diseases II

The group of researchers from Brown University Medical School analyzed, in the frontal part of the brain, one of the major area affected by Alzheimer’s, insulin and insulin receptor function.

The team discovered that the levels of insulin receptors and the brain’s ability to respond to insulin decreased as the severity of Alzheimer’s increased.

According to the experts, insulin receptors were nearly 80 percent lower than in a normal brain in the most advanced stage of Alzheimer’s.

Two abnormal situations related to insulin in Alzheimer’s were also found by researchers. The first abnormal situation was that as the disease progressed, levels of insulin dropped. In relation to the second one, experts explained that insulin and its related protein, insulin-related growth factor-I, lose the ability to bind to cell receptors, which creates a resistance to the insulin growth factors, causing the cells to malfunction and die.

For the neuropathologist at Rhode Island Hospital and professor of pathology at Brown University Medical School, Suzanne M. de la Monte, this means that they are able to show that insulin impairment happens early in the disease, as well as they are able to show it is linked to major neurotransmitters responsible for cognition.

We’re able to show it’s linked to poor energy metabolism, and it’s linked to abnormalities that contribute to the tangles characteristic of advanced Alzheimer’s disease. This work ties several concepts together and demonstrates that Alzheimer’s disease is quite possibly a Type 3 diabetes, explains de la Monte, the leader of the research.

Sympathy for Plastic Surgery

Plastic surgery is becoming a common thing nowadays, with things like nose jobs and face lifts almost becoming everyday procedures in some large cities. Certainly, there are a number of psychological and emotional benefits to such procedures, but only if they are properly done. Also, even if these procedures are performed flawlessly by the surgeon, there are still some things that need to be kept in mind after the surgery itself, not the least of which is the need for post-surgery therapy. There are even a few things that need to be taken into account before something like this is even considered, outside of an emergency situation where the procedure is reconstructive and not aesthetic in nature.

The first thing to consider would be the reasons for the surgery in the first place. If the procedure is not meant to repair damaged tissue and is merely cosmetic, plastic surgeons will often have the patient speak to a psychologist before agreeing to the procedure. There are a myriad of reasons for this, not the least of which is to reduce the chances of mistakenly performing a procedure to perfect someone’s appearance on a person who is psychologically incapable of recognizing an absence of flaws. The more ethical plastic surgeons are willing to perform procedures only on people who require them or do not have some sort of psychological issue that might cause problems if surgery is carried out. However, this is merely what needs to be done before one goes under the knife, with what needs to happen afterwards being a completely different scenario.

There can be any number of things that must be taken into consideration when it comes to post-surgery therapy, particularly for plastic surgery. For example, in the case of liposuction, there is usually a set number of days of minimal or controlled food consumption. This is because whatever was done during the procedure needs time to stick, as it were. Binge eating will not only damage what the liposuction was supposed to do, but it may also cause additional damage as side effects.

In general, the surgeons themselves will inform their patients of what needs to be done and what things should be avoided before they’re discharged. Whatever they say must be adhered to almost religiously, because these procedures and limitations were designed to help the body fully heal after whatever was done. Yes, there is a recovery time in place after the surgical procedure itself, but the body needs more time to really settle. Some types of cosmetic surgical procedures might also require the use of certain medications, with various effects. Some are designed to help the body accept the changes, while others are used to reduce some negative symptoms, such as pain.

The precautions to be taken after the fact hold true even when the procedure is reconstructive in nature. These sorts of medical procedures can sometimes be rather invasive, with a number of available techniques requiring that areas of the patient’s body be cut and pathways into deeper cavities opened up. In the end, these procedures require time for the body to fully recover from them, much like other forms of surgery.

African Americans And Diabetes

According to the National Diabetes Education Program, there is a current epidemic of diabetes among African Americans. African Americans are one of the largest groups in the population in the United States that are contracting Type II diabetes. In addition, diabetes is also one of the leading causes of death and disability among African Americans in the United States.

There are certain factors that are believed to cause Type II diabetes, which accounts for nearly 95 percent of all cases of the disease. The causes are generally someone with a close relative with the disease, being an African American or being overweight. Other factors include having high blood pressure, high cholesterol and having gestational diabetes while pregnant. It is estimated that about 3.2 million African Americans have Type II diabetes and about one third of them are undiagnosed.

No one is quite sure why African Americans are more likely to get Type II diabetes than any other ethnic group. One thing is certain, however. Poor African Americans are more likely to die from complications of the disease than those in other ethnic groups. This is most likely due to poor health care in certain communities, limited access to drugs that can potentially save their lives and less education. Affluent African Americans have the same chance as other ethnic groups of dying from complications of the disease.

Many people who live in poor communities, in addition to receiving substandard medical care, little education about disease and limited access to lifesaving drugs, also are inundated with fast food restaurants that seem to target certain ethnic groups. Fast foods are usually very high in carbohydrates, fats and offer very little in the way of nutrition. They are inexpensive, however, and many people with little money find this to be the only way they can feed their family on a limited budget. Unfortunately, most of the foods found in fast food restaurants, particularly French fries, are at the top of the Glycemic Index when it comes to foods that should not be consumed by diabetics. French fries are pretty much the staple of any fast food restaurant. They are high in carbohydrates, high in fat and low in protein. But they are filling.

African Americans can prevent acquiring Type II diabetes in many different ways. One way is to take a look at the Glycemic Index and realize which foods are harmful to them and which to avoid. Another way is to start an exercise regime and, if they are overweight, lose some of those excess pounds. If they are without health care, they should contact their local municipality about screening tests for diabetes. Many clinics and health care facilities offer screening tests for diabetes for those with low income for free. This small step may end up saving the life of someone who is on the verge of getting this potentially life threatening illness.

African Americans can also start saying no to fast foods that, in addition to being precursors for diabetes, are also linked to heart disease, high cholesterol and even cancer. Many fast food restaurants prey on people in low income areas without regard for the health of those individuals. African Americans need to realize that they are experiencing an epidemic of Type II diabetes in their community and do all that they can to stamp it out.

The 3 Core Muscle Building Exercises You Should Be Doing

The 3 Core Muscle Building Exercises You Should Be Doing

When it comes to building muscle I like to keep things simple. Its easy to get caught up in the hype of hot new products and exercises that promise to be the next best thing in muscle building. Theses fancy exercises and products use long scientific like words and explanations to show you they work to build the most muscle.

In this article I am going to get back to basics. I am going to show your three muscle building exercises you cant afford not to do and why you should be doing them. These three exercises are the grass roots of building muscle and are essential for any serious training program.

You might find it hard to believe, but with these three exercises alone you can pack on a serious amount of muscle. I refer to these exercises as the core to any good program. When I start planning I muscle building program for a client I always start with these three basic exercises and build the program around them.

3 core muscle building exercises:

The squat is the biggest exercise for packing on serious poundage. Theres no argument about it. The squat is primarily a leg building exercise. You start the exercise with a barbell resting across your shoulders standing straight up. Then bending at the knees and hips you lower the barbell down until your thighs are almost parallel to the floor. And then push the barbell back to the starting position.

The main muscle groups pulled into action for the squat are your quadriceps, hamstrings and glutes. Secondary muscle groups include the lower back, adductors and to a certain extent your shoulder muscles. As you can see many muscle groups are recruited for this exercise making it the biggest exercise and biggest potential muscle builder.

Like all the core muscle building exercises, you should make the squat the first exercise you do on your leg training day. Because its the biggest exercise you want your legs to be fresh and ready. If muscle building is your goal, aim for about 8-12 reps on the squat. Because youll be lifting heavy weights a good warm up is vital. Squatting is very stressful for the lower body, especially the knees, so 5-10 minutes on the treadmill and some lights squats first up are recommended.

Bench Press
The bench pres is the king of upper body building exercises. For years the bench press has been used to measure a lifters strength. How many times have you been asked how much do you bench? I bet youve never been asked how much do you squat or how many chin ups can you do.

The bench is a simple yet extremely powerful exercise that targets the entire chest (pectorals), front shoulders (deltoids) and triceps. To perform a bench press you must lie on your back on a flat bench, grip the barbell at slightly wider than shoulder grip and press the bar straight down to your chest.

The bench press is the biggest upper body builder because it allows you to move the most amount of weight possible. This is its advantage over the dumbbell press. With the help of a spotter you can also push yourself to lift heavier weights. There are also other advanced bench press techniques like board presses, bench press negatives and chain presses. See our link at the bottom for more details.

Wide grip Chin Up
If you were only going to do one exercise to work your back this would be it. The wide grip chin up is the ultimate test of a lifters power to weight ratio. This muscle building exercise is very demanding on the body.

The wide grip chin up primarily hits the lats, but also targets the entire upper back, biceps and forearms. To execute this exercise you need a chin up bar or assisted chin up machine. Hold the bar in a wide grip (greater than shoulder width) with your palms facing away from your body. Start in a hanging position with your arms fully extended. Pull yourself up until your can get your chin over the bar and lower back to starting position.

Most people will not be able to do wide grip chin ups without some lat/back training first. You can use the assisted chin up machine or lat pull down machine to strengthen your lats before attempting wide grip chin ups. This is the most demanding back exercise you can do so it must be the first exercise in your session.

When you should be doing these exercises

Like I mentioned previously in this article, these exercises are the biggest muscle builders and also the most taxing on your body so they must be done at the beginning of your workout to get the maximum benefits. I recommend that you do up to 5 sets on each exercise and vary the way you perform these sets each week. For example, the first week you do pyramid up sets, the second week you pyramid down and the third week you do straight sets. This keeps your muscles from getting accustomed to your routine. Good luck packing on some serious pounds!

Entice A Gorgeous Body With Acomplia Diet Pill

Obesity is one of the most common dietary disorders, faced by people, worldwide. This is most commonly due a lax in physical activity or over-consumption of fatty foods. It opens the doorway to a gamut of diseases such as arthritis, heart disease, high blood pressure and many more. A healthy and slim-trim body lures everyone. Acomplia diet pill is here just to resolve your health turmoil effectively.

A person is considered obese, if he has accumulation of excess fats in the body. This implies that you consume more calories than you can burn. But due to the growing consciousness of health hazards among people, to stay fit has become a trend. This realization has not even spared the youth of today, who constitute a major chunk of obese population. Acomplia can facilitate you to accomplish your dream to have that perfect body with ease.

Acomplia is a brand name for Rimonabant. It is manufactured by a French pharmaceutical industry by the name Sanofi-Synthelabo. Acomplia can act as a magic potion for you if you want to get rid of those extra pounds.

According to clinical studies Rimonabant works by blocking the CB-1 receptor, found in the Endocannabinoid System (EC System). CB-1 receptors, plays a critical role in the regulation of food ingestion and energy outflow. These receptors are present on the surfaces of many cells throughout the body, including fat cells and the hypothalamus, which is the brain region that decides your appetite. Besides, its effectiveness to get rid of obesity it can also work for smoking cessation. The medical community anticipates the FDA approval of this wonder drug Acomplia.

The best part of Acomplia is that it reflects lesser side effects as compared to other weight loss pills. Nausea, anxiety, irritability are its short-term side effects. They seem to subside, once adaptation to the drug is achieved. Its positive effects on weight loss and its apparent ability to maintain healthy blood pressure, blood sugar and cholesterol level is can prove to be immensely beneficial for its users. You should not consider this information as an alternative to a doctors prescription. It is recommended that prior consultation from a doctor should be done before embarking upon Acomplia treatment.

With the growing number of online pharmacies, buying Acomplia drug has become even simpler. Acomplia Rimonabant has just been launched in the UK market. So what are you waiting for? Make a healthy start with Acomplia diet pill.


PMS, or premenstrual syndrome, is experienced by an estimated 85 percent of all women at some point during their lives. PMS is an umbrella term used to describe a number of physical and emotional changes that women undergo in the days between ovulation and the onset of the monthly period. These changes are attributed to changing hormone levels in the body.

Increased levels of certain hormones may result in specific PMS symptoms. The secretion of too much prolactin from the pituitary gland causes breast tenderness. Excessive prolactin secretion can also interfere with ovulation and may result in irregular periods. Another hormone, aldosterone, is secreted by the adrenal glands. Aldosterone levels normally increase after ovulation. This hormone acts by causing fluid retention, which in turn leads to bloating, headaches and breast swelling in some women. The brain does not utilize the mood-stabilizing neurotransmitter serotonin efficiently in some women, resulting in depression or anxiety. Endorphins, which are natural mood enhancers, may be secreted in reduced amounts by the pituitary gland, contributing to depression and to increased pain sensitivity. Increased sensitivity to insulin may result in episodes of low blood sugar, which in turn may increase irritability.

It is not fully understood why some women experience PMS, and others dont. Women with a close blood relative who also has PMS are more likely to suffer from PMS themselves. The types and severity of symptoms vary from one woman to the next. A more severe form of PMS is called premenstrual dysphoric disorder, or PMDD.

In general, PMS tends to become worse the closer a woman gets to menopause. PMS-like symptoms can also be triggered when a woman undergoes major hormonal changes (such as those that occur during pregnancy), when on hormonal contraceptives or after a miscarriage or childbirth.